There are two major types of diabetes; type 1 and type two. Each health condition is unique and caused by different things altogether. Diabetes type 2, however, is the most common.
Differences between type 1 and 2 diabetes
1. In type 1 diabetes, the cells that produce insulin are attacked by the immune system and their destruction leads to low or no production of insulin. On the other hand, in type 2 diabetes, the body produces insulin but does not respond to it which is referred to as insulin resistance.
2. Diabetes type 1 can hardly be prevented since it is more of a genetic condition while type 2 can be prevented as its causes are mostly lifestyle based.
3. Type 1 diabetes is mostly diagnosed during childhood and young adults while type 2 is diagnosed much later in life.
4. Since patients with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin, they have to live on insulin injection for their entire life. Type two diabetes patients, however, can do without medications if they maintain proper diet and exercise.
Prevention and treatment of Diabetes
There are no known prevention measures for type 1 diabetes health condition and it cannot be treated. One has to rely on insulin injections or pumps entirely. They also need to go for blood sugar tests as often as possible to ensure the levels are okay.
On the contrary, type 2 diabetes can be prevented and treated with medication, exercise, and diet. And just like with type 1 diabetes, patients need to go for blood sugar testing regularly.
Obesity is one major cause of diabetes and thus exercise and proper diet can help in the prevention as well as the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Sometimes, type 2 diabetes is also treated through insulin injection if the patient’s body becomes less sensitive to insulin or if their beta cells fail to function like those of a patient with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is reversible with healthy lifestyles.